No matter how expensive your living furniture is or how carefully you plan the whole bedroom wall decor, it means nothing without proper illumination. Therefore, home interior design is highly dependent on lighting design.
Light can change the way you perceive and experience a space. It has a substantial impact on your mood and emotions. And no one can deny the effect of light on the geometrical and textural appearance of objects in your home.
To enhance your home’s beauty and aesthetic, you need the best lighting plan, which depends highly on light source characteristics and the way you create layers of light.
You might not be able to afford an interior designer who can craft a great lighting plan for your home. Fret not, and I’m going to share some basic lighting principles that help you choose the best characteristics of light as per your space. Besides, it would be best to explore some ideas of lighting up your home like a professional. Let’s get started.
Characteristics of Light Source: Lighting Design Principles
Before you pick any light for home, you better dig into its main characteristics. Perhaps one light characteristic works great for your space while the other isn’t ideal. Thereby, you need to consider four main characteristics while selecting the best one for your space requirements.
Color Temperature – Warm, Cool, Neutral
It is a method to demonstrate lighting appearance emitted from a light bulb. It is measured on a scale Kelvin (K) from 1,000 to 10,000. It describes the warmth or coolness of light.
Pro prefers warm light in residential areas to instill a calm and welcoming atmosphere in the living room, bedroom, dining room, or other space where you need to set a personal or intimate mood.
Neutral light is usually ideal for workspaces like the kitchen or bathroom.
In commercial spaces like corporate boardrooms, offices, and hospitals, Pro always suggests Cool light.
Beam Angle – Light Distribution
You often see that a light bulb emits or distributes light at a particular angle, which is named as beam angle of a lamp. When you plan to put an antique piece or expensive painting in the limelight, then a spot angle should be the right choice. On the flip side, you need a general and soft light wide-angle to illuminate a wide area.
Lumens – The Brightness
It is another characteristic of a light source that describes the total amount of visible light. A lamp with a high lumen rating will be brighter than one with a low rating. If you need to brighten up space, you need a high lumen rating and vice versa. The selection of this rating also depends on the activities you will handle in that particular space. For example, an active home space requires a lamp with high ratings.
CRI – Color Rendering Ability of Light Source
It is a quantitative measure of light source ability to render the color of a given space and objects. When a light source has high CRI, it can better produce excellent color rendering. You need to select a light source with CRI 90 plus for getting efficient color rendering. When lighting is the vital element of a space design, you better opt for high CRI.
Integrate Multiple Light Layers in Home Design
One layer of light is never good enough to set style and mood in your home space. You need to blend different light source layers to develop an enticing contrast and add beauty elements in color and texture.
Ambient Lighting – The Base Layer
It’s the first and basic layer of home light. The purpose of ambient lighting is to set a consistent light level throughout the home. You put these lights for overall room illumination. It helps you see every item of the room clearly. Most of the time, these lights are soft and diffused.
How to Set Ambient Lights in your Space?
Here is what you need to do.
- Install ambient lights on your ceilings. The ceiling lights offer direct light downwards and light up every little thing of the room from the top.
- Another idea is to go with LED strips or set up some floor and wall lamps.
- Pendant lamps direct light off the ceiling and walls.
Accent Lighting – The Style/Contrast Layer
Sometimes, you have overall lighting but still feel the need for light. You always feel that something is not quite right. In that scenario, unique lights like accent lights are what you need to integrate.
The purpose of these lights is to draw attention to a specific feature, furniture, or items. It could be furnishing, architectural details, artwork, antique items, paintings, etc. You need to set a focal point to boost the overall appeal of your space.
Accent lighting is known to bring style and drama alongside fascinating contrast into any room. These lights are brighter than ambient lights almost three times and help you highlight design elements and create focused shadows of objects.
How to Set Accent Lights in Your Space?
- Try to choose some modern ceiling lights with recessed spotting features.
- Wall lamps or mounted lights are certainly the best choices for family rooms.
- The main idea is to highlight a specific area.
Task Lighting – The Functional Layer
You need this light for a particular task. For example, some require bedside table lamps to enjoy reading on the bed. Women always require dressing table lights to do makeup with ease. Task lights are also known as functional lights. They are brighter than ambient lights and help you handle a specific task like eating, reading, preparing.
How to Add Task Lighting in Your Home Lighting Plan
- Buy some contemporary bedside lamps to adore the bedroom while getting adequate light for your reading activity at night.
- Install modern ceiling lights or pendants on your kitchen nook so everyone can enjoy a meal there.
- Bathroom vanity lights and dressing table lights help you get prepared without getting frustrated in low-light situations.
- Table lamps on the living room’s side table are a must to enhance the charm of this space.
- Under-cabinet lights make meal preparation activities a little bit fun.
Want to light up your home like a Pro? Simply follow Lighting principles and then incorporate different layers of light to complement your interior design.